The Role of Communication in Project Management

Hiba Ali

Senior Writer

The Importance of Communication in Project Management

With each year, we witness the development of new technologies and a redefinition of our understanding of the world. The world is transforming at an unprecedented pace, and this transformation is being spearheaded by skilled product and project managers who work tirelessly to make a difference, one project at a time.

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Effective communication is crucial in project management, encompassing tasks such as handling client documents, product requirements, and progress tracking. Communication management in project management involves managing information exchange within and between organizations, which can be challenging when dealing with multiple clients.

And besides communication, the only saving grace for a project manager is the project management software he employs. Nearly 96% of people believe communication and project management could be improved in the businesses they deal with.

Therefore, if you’re a project manager looking to make a difference and stay ahead of the curve, it’s crucial to prioritize effective communication. So without further ado, let’s get started:

What Is Communication in Project Management?

Communication in project management refers to the timely and appropriate collection, creation, and distribution of information and messages regarding the project. Effective communication is essential for project success, and as a project manager, you must ensure that every team member knows everything about the project.

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Effective communication is the foundation of successful project management. It fosters collaboration, prevents misunderstandings, and boosts productivity. As a project manager, you must communicate clearly and frequently with your team and stakeholders. Establish regular team meetings where everyone can share updates, challenges, and ideas, ensuring alignment and a shared understanding of project goals.

Communicate the project vision, objectives, schedule, risks, and constraints with your team. Provide clear instructions and feedback and hold regular meetings to discuss progress, risks, and issues. Listen to your team and be open to their input. With stakeholders, communicate timelines, budgets, risks, and changes that may impact them. Address any concerns and make sure expectations are aligned.

Good communication builds trust, manages expectations, and minimizes surprises. Lack of communication, on the other hand, leads to confusion, missed deadlines, cost overruns, and stakeholder dissatisfaction. Communication is the glue that holds a project together and helps ensure its successful execution and delivery. Overall, effective and regular communication in project management is vital.

What Are The Types Of Communication?

Communication is essential for effective project management. Professionals primarily use three types of communication: verbal, nonverbal, and written. While all three are important, verbal and written communication is the most relied upon.

1. Verbal Communication Includes-


Meetings are useful for communicating updates, explanations, or addressing questions. They help establish teams and set communication expectations. Meetings can be in-person or via video call.

Phone Calls

Phone calls are effective for quick or urgent communication. Let the receiver know the topic in advance so they can prepare. Phone calls feel more personal than written communication.


Presentations educate teams or share the news. They can be part of meetings or stand-alone. Presentations can be in-person, via video, or in document form.

2. Written Communication Includes-


Email is a widely used method of both formal and informal communication. Use email chains for meeting/deadline reminders or individual emails for specific people.

Discussion Boards

Discussion boards allow open communication and relationship building. They provide information sharing and a place for questions.


Surveys gain consensus or feedback anonymously. Use them when voting or opinions are needed.


Brief updates, new policies, or procedures are communicated through memos.

Project Plans

Project plans outline objectives, resources, contacts, etc. Create plans early and update them frequently. Plans guide the project’s development.

What is the Importance of Communication in Project Management?

Communication forms a crucial part of our day-to-day routine. Effective communication is vital, whether talking to family and friends or discussing an important matter at work.

Importance of Communication in Project Management

And communication in project management takes precedence over all other communication tools in the workplace.

So, why is it so important? Here are the top five reasons: 

1. For Interchange of Information

Whether between key stakeholders or team members, information is relayed and received, and communication in project management forms the basis for it. 

However, if contact is not used correctly, it can cause problems in understanding the information being conveyed. And this can lead to fatal errors for the project itself. 

2. For Keeping Apprised of Changes in Situations

While a plant is imperative while embarking on a project, changes happen during the project lifecycle. They can occur due to changes in client requirements or unprecedented work circumstances. 

However, with effective project communication, you can ensure that you can keep your team members apprised of these situation changes.

3. For Discussion About Problems and Challenges

When team members devote their blood and sweat to a project, challenges are bound to arise. However, to effectively communicate having a plan in project management can help. This is because open and transparent discussions about problems and challenges can allow you to develop the most viable solution everyone understands. 

You can even use several infographics to clarify your point, which is the entire point of communication in project management.

4. For Bridging the Language Barrier

We often work with people or stakeholders in project management who do not speak the same language as us. However, to communicate correctly, you might use a lot of project management jargon and idioms, which might or might not translate the way you intended. 

Hence, ensure the communication method is simple, effective, and understood across all languages without confusion.

Why Should You Use Project Management Software?

Today, many project management software is available in the market to help make your job easier as a project manager. At the same time, it might be convenient for some to use old-school paperwork methods and hard manual work, which can be time-consuming. But why is project management important? And how can it help?

Why Should You Use Project Management Software

Project management software can come in handy to reduce the amount of effort you have to put in to handle the project’s progress, adapt to changes, and successfully deliver the project. The following are the top benefits that project management software can give you:

1. Improved Planning and Scheduling

When you have input the details of the project or the project’s timeline, the software will automatically start planning and scheduling the steps that need to be taken, along with a tentative timeline for each action to be completed. Furthermore, it will also allocate the right resources that your project might need to be completed.

2. Effective Task Delegation

Excellent project management is about doing the work and getting the members’ work done. So, as a project manager, your first job is to manage the progress made by the team and not your own. And all of this can be done through the project management software wherein the requisite members can be given the task that has to be completed.

3. Effective Risk Mitigation

Identifying potential risks, challenges, and bottlenecks is essential as part of project planning in project management. With project management software, you can identify risks ahead of time and use the right resources to plan countermeasures in case of contingencies.

4. Easier Integration of New Members

Once a team and resources are set, it might be difficult to incorporate changes in the team structure and integrate new project members. However, with project management software, you can use the reporting and tracking tools to bring the new members up to speed with what has happened. You can also utilize the project log functionality to inform them about the project’s progress.

5. Better Collaboration

Working as a project manager is collaborating with different teams throughout the organization and handling or delegating their tasks when you work with them. With the project management software, you can easily keep all communication and collaboration centralized so there are no gaps in understanding what is expected from each party.

6. More Manageable and Secure File Access & Sharing

Project documents and files are one of the most closely guarded secrets within the project management timeline. Creating easily accessible folders or files can quickly sabotage the security of the project. 

A project management software can help set up filters with privileged access so that the files that need more protection can be protected while the other files can be accessed easily.

7. Remote Working

Post the COVID-19 pandemic, remote working or hybrid working has become an accepted norm worldwide. Project management software allows team members to work remotely and share the requisite files on the server. And any communication in project management, whether written communication or verbal communication, that needs to happen can happen through the project management software. 

8. Enhanced Productivity 

With project management software, you can automatically be more productive since all the decisions, suggestions, and comments are in one place about any particular task. This makes things easier and helps maintain uniformity of actions that need to happen, which helps to improve productivity.

9. Budget Management

Budget constraints are one of the biggest killers of projects. It can be because of overestimation or underestimation of resources needed and hence can cause problems later. However, with project management software, your project plan will have steps designed to keep all the financial constraints in mind for that particular project.

How Can Effective Communication Help Business Leaders With Project Management Software?

Benefits aside, using effective communication clubbed with project management software can help streamline business leaders’ operations. It allows them to perform the following functions:

How Can Effective Communication Help Business Leaders With Project Management Software

1. Pens Down The Project Details

For the project management software to work correctly, the business leader must pen down the entire plan for the project with all the details. Then, based on these preliminaries, the project management software helps on the way forward. 

2. Identifies Your Requirements And Needs

After understanding the requirements, the project management software automatically provides you with the tools and resources to excel at the project. It can be shared workspace, tools, or communication and insights from key stakeholders. It helps in converting a non-technical business professional into a technical one. 

3. Uses Unique Tools

Being a business leader is all about having a vision. Equipped with project management software, you can use unique tools to help with the right deliverables, proper timelines, budgetary allocation, and transparent project communication. All of which are crucial in ensuring the project’s success.

4. Foresees Project Risks

Part of a project plan is staying on top of potential project risks, whether in a team conflict or a work process. With the advanced capabilities of project management software, it can easily forecast potential project risks ahead of time so that project managers can work out an FMEA (failure mode and effects analysis) plan.

5. Rescopes The Project

Suppose you are running short on resources nearing the end of the project, or there are some last-minute changes in the requirements. In that case, the project management software can automatically suggest which steps can be eliminated and what steps to be taken for the requisite outcome. 

6. Task Manager

After the project management communication plan is in place and a timeline is put in, the task manager program of the project management software automatically comes into play. Descriptions are added, due dates are set and prioritized, and the time and effort required are estimated correctly, including hours, points, etc. 

If you have a workflow method like Agile, Scrum, or Kanban, the software can also incorporate that. It can also convert emails to tasks, set dependencies, create subtasks, create recurring tasks and develop task checklists.

7. Assist in Reporting/Project Tracking

One of the primary tasks that a business leader needs to do is track the project regularly and generate reports. Thanks to the analytics and reporting functionalities of the project management software, you can get a quick, visual way to introspect the status of the project, its values, and other critical information. 

In addition, it allows the team to track milestones, time spent on actual costs, and progress against the project plan.

8. Helps in Resource Management

Resource allocation and management are something that a project manager and a business leader need to be great at. Fortunately, project management software helps. For example, creating a resource chart/record that includes contact information, pay rate, role, and skill level, helps streamline the hiring process. 

Furthermore, the tool assists with planning resources and prioritizing projects based on the demand for crucial resources. 

9. Facilitates Effective Project Planning

Another aspect is that the project management software can also help define the project scope, timeline, and resources/budget. It can help break down projects into milestones and key deliverables and simultaneously forecast the cash flow for the business. Thanks to this feature, you can automatically have a more efficient workflow. 

10. Provides Conclusive Evaluation

Part of being a business leader is drawing conclusive evaluations for the project or the resources. Project management software is not ambiguous in its outcomes and helps a project manager draw definitive conclusions. The software generates pictographs and infographics that can be easily understood, interpreted, and evaluated.

How to Improve Organization Communication For Project Success?

Now that you know what project management software can do for you and why communication in project management is a crucial cog of the process, it’s time to find out how to improve it. For example, organizational communication trickles down from the Board to the last team member, like an intern or a janitor.

Improve Organization Communication For Project Success

We think it’s OK if you communicate your expectations to them. What can you, as a project manager, do to improve project management communication within your organization? Here we go:

1. Clear Understanding of the Team’s Role

One of the first things that communication strives to do is clarify each team member. The project manager decides the overall role of the team and members, and it is critical for them to fully understand what is expected of them as part of the project team.

2. Track Real-Time Progress

Tracking the progress of every individual and then cumulatively tracking the progress of the team and the project is one of the critical responsibilities of a project manager. At the same time, the software helps monitor crude data, the pain points, and the challenges you need to understand as a project manager. 

With well-founded communication channels, you can fully understand and comprehend the progress of the project and the individuals.

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3. Plan Meetings Appropriately

Nobody likes unnecessary meetings that serve no purpose. However, during a project, you might have a few of these. To ensure that discussions are not taking too much time or interfering with overall productivity, you can talk to the members and set weekly, fortnightly, or monthly tracking meetings with proper communication channels between them for additional clarity.

4. Use a RACI (Responsible, Accountable, Consulted, Informed) Chart

Sometimes, you are at a crossroads about the right man for the job, both in responsibility and skills required. To do that, you can employ the RACI chart.

The RACI chart is a personalized method of SWOT analysis wherein you can determine the right person to complete a designated task in the right way. And in the process of doing that, you can even choose whether their communication skills are at par with what you expect for someone in that role.

5. Engage in Active Listening

Listening is often said to be as much a part of communication as speaking. Unfortunately, as a project manager, it is easy to get distracted because of the many things happening around you, and you might lose track of the ideas someone puts forward to you. 

Active listening helps bridge that gap in the communication management in the project management process since you are there in the moment and can fully contribute to the conversation.

6. Set Up A Review and Approval Process

At times, it becomes difficult to understand the feedback given to the team, either by the client or the stakeholders. Your project management software can help you by setting up a review and approval process.

With the files you share and the updates you have, team members can leave feedback, suggestions, or comments that can help streamline the communication between the project team.

7. Celebrate the achievements

In pursuit of goals and the grand prize of completing the project for the client, we tend to forget to celebrate the small victories. However, celebrating small accomplishments and achievements helps boost the team’s morale to perform better and helps them know they are valued. Furthermore, it can be a great platform to communicate with them about the good things and the shortcomings that can be corrected in the future. 

7 Project Management Mistakes to Avoid

Project management is not complex if all the cogs in the machine work in perfect tandem. However, a few things can go wrong in the grand scheme of things. Mistakes are bound to happen occasionally but can be controlled if we are consciously wary of them.

Project Management Mistakes to Avoid

Communication in project management is often the most crucial part of the process. What usually starts as a flaw in communication can snowball into something much more catastrophic. Here, we go over the top silly mistakes that happen in Project Management:

1. Poor Communication

Poor communication can be a critical mistake in project management, leading to misunderstandings, delays, and even project failure. When communication channels are unclear or ineffective, team members may not understand their roles and responsibilities, project progress may not be accurately tracked, and important updates may be missed.

To avoid this mistake, project managers should establish clear communication protocols, set expectations for team communication, and ensure all stakeholders can access relevant information.

2. Not Understanding the Requirements

Another silly mistake that can throw your project off course is not understanding the requirements correctly. This happens when an inexperienced Project Manager or an inaccurate person is responsible for understanding the needs of a project.

In such a circumstance, the entire trajectory of the project is misaligned, the goals are not met, and the business risks losing a client.

3. Improper Resource Matching

One of the most significant aspects project managers struggle with is understanding which resource to capitalize on. This is because a problem with the wrong help or person at the initial stages can become much bigger as time progresses.

So, instead of favoring your pals at work in your projects, look for people at the top of their game in your given resources. And also make sure that they can communicate well with each other. This can help you get the best out of your efforts with your existing resources.

4. Starting a Project Without a Plan

Like every other thing in life, especially in your career, as a project manager, having a plan or roadmap to seeing the project from inception to fruition is essential. Of course, ad-libbing between the steps is acceptable, but doing that for the entirety of the project will only get you so far.

Hence, sit down with the key stakeholders in a project and take feedback from the client to draw out your project strategy and a timeline.

5. Lack of Resources, Skills, and Knowledge

Sometimes, things happen and lead to a big mess in the project. However, if you trace it back to the source, it happens due to the lack of resources, requisite skills, knowledge, or a simple line of miscommunication about the project.

Any of these errors is catastrophic enough to cause a dent in the project plan and question your project management skills. So, ensure that the people in your team are well-versed and acquainted with the skills demanded in the project.

6. Failure to Manage and Control Change

Plans have a way of going awry, but all the well-laid plans always come with a way to control and manage the change that causes chaos. As part of laying down the plan, project managers should identify the potential problems that can crop up at different times. 

And for managing those problems, an FMEA plan should be in place. This gives the team a backup to fall back on in case of a problem during the project.

7. Unable to Learn from Past Experiences

Humans learn from our experiences and apply those teachings for future growth. However, sometimes that fails, and the project falls into the same kind of failure trajectory that caused problems earlier.

Project management is all about identifying past issues and implementing safeguards to prevent these from happening. And the majority of these can be solved by establishing a documented path with clear communication in the project management roadmap.

Take Your Project Management to New Heights with Effective Communication

Effective communication is the lifeline of any project. Projects have become more complex, virtual, and globally distributed, so good communication practices are critical for successful project management. Project managers must prioritize communication and develop a communication plan that includes the needs of all stakeholders.

Throughout the project, constant communication helps to set clear expectations, ensure that all team members are aligned, identify and resolve any issues early on, and promote transparency. Weekly status meetings, daily stand-ups, and regular one-on-ones help team members connect and feel engaged in the project. The channels for communication must be diverse – in-person and virtual meetings, phone and video calls, instant messages, and project management platforms.

While it requires time and effort, communication, in all its forms, is the adhesive that holds a project together. Investing in a sound communication plan and prioritizing high-quality, engaging communication will lead to greater stakeholder alignment, issue resolution, transparency, and project success.

Frequently Asked Questions

To communicate effectively, you must plan your project well and keep everyone informed and engaged. Here are some steps to follow:

  1. Define the Project Scope
  2. Choose a Communication Channel
  3. Communicate the Project Objectives/li>
  4. Encourage Feedback from Your Team
  5. Provide Regular Updates/li>
  6. Evaluate Team Performance

Project managers can ensure effective communication with team members by establishing clear, open communication channels from the outset, including setting expectations for regular updates and feedback and encouraging active participation in meetings. They must also use various communication tools to cater to different preferences, such as emails, video calls, or project management software. Project managers ought to foster an environment of openness and trust where team members can easily share their thoughts and concerns. Lastly, they should provide constructive feedback and recognition to motivate and engage members.

Effective communication for stakeholders of project managers involves clarity, transparency, and regular updates. They should clearly define project goals, roles, and expectations at the outset. Transparency is key in sharing project progress, challenges, and changes. Regular updates, through meetings or reports, keep stakeholders informed and engaged. Project managers should be receptive to feedback to promote a two-way communication channel. Formal reports or casual conversations can also enhance understanding and collaboration by tailoring the communication style to the stakeholder's preference.

Below are some strategies that can help you overcome communication challenges:

  1. Establish clear protocols to ensure everyone understands their roles and responsibilities.
  2. Utilize standard communication platforms to simplify effective interaction during work hours and prevent misunderstandings.
  3. Prioritize direct interaction such as video calls, which fosters team spirit and enhances productivity.
  4. Adopt a transparent workflow and leverage project management tools to supervise progress and save time.
  5. Promote transparency in the workplace to foster open and proactive discussion of work issues.
  6. Provide continuous feedback to help employees grow, while positive reinforcement can uplift their confidence and morale.
  7. Put some extra effort by incorporating team-building activities to strengthen bonds and improve collaboration.
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